Ocular Diseases and Treatment
An ocular disease is an eye disorder that affects the eyes' ability to function properly. Often, these disorders harm your vision and can lead to blindness. ABC Vision Source of Sherwood, OR, specializes in treating ocular diseases. We have the expertise to effectively manage these disorders, provide appropriate medications, and arrange for surgery when necessary. Below are some common visual conditions, how they affect your eyes, and how we can treat them.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is an eye condition where the inner pressure of the eye is greater than normal. This pressure damages the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the avenue of communication from the eye to the brain. Damage to it harms the ability to carry this information, which affects your vision and can lead to total blindness.
Fluids created by the eye for its nourishment are not allowed to drain. This causes the pressure within the eye to increase. In many cases, medicated eye drops can be prescribed to lower the inner eye pressure. Surgery may be necessary to improve the eye's drainage capabilities.
What Causes Macular Degeneration?
The retina is responsible for translating the information from the light entering the eye into neural signals the brain can interpret into images. The macula is located in the retina and is responsible for your central vision. Any damage to it will cause blind spots in your central vision, make straight lines appear wavy, and can lead to total blindness. Two types of macular degeneration are known as wet and dry.
The thinning of the macula tissue can cause dry macular degeneration. This is usually connected to age, genetics, smoking, obesity, or cardiovascular disease. There are no known treatments for dry macular degeneration at this time, but there are lifestyle adjustments you can make to slow its progression. We can educate you on these, monitor their progression, and help you find ways to adapt to your changing vision.
Wet macular degeneration is caused by fluid leaking under the retina, usually from the growth of new abnormal blood vessels. Treatments include injecting medications into the eye to keep the body from growing new blood vessels. Other therapies involve sealing the leaky vessels.
Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is caused by poor tear production or poor-quality tears. Aging, medical conditions, medications, and eye injuries can all affect tear production. In addition, the environment, not blinking, and eyelid problems can cause tears to evaporate before nourishing your eyes. Incisions are made up of oil, mucus, and water. Any issues with the correct composition of these components can cause dry eye syndrome.
Symptoms of dry eye syndrome:
- RednessBurning or scratchy sensation
- Constant feeling that something is in your eye
- Watery eyes due to eye irritation
- Sensitivity to light
Depending on the cause, dry eye syndrome treatment involves eye drops, medications, or surgery. It can also include eye protection from the environment you work in or stopping the use of certain medications. Your eye doctor can discuss your options once the cause is determined.
What Is Blepharitis?
Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids normally caused by clogged oil glands near the base of the eyelashes. Blepharitis does not damage your eyesight but can be uncomfortable. Your eyelids can become red, itchy, and have a greasy appearance. In addition, it can cause a loss of eyelashes or make them grow crooked.
Regular use of warm compresses may control your blepharitis. Medications to prevent infection and inflammation are also available. If there is an underlying illness causing your problem, then that illness will need to be addressed.
Expert Treatment of Ocular Diseases
Whatever may affect your eyes, quality, and expert care are essential to their health and preserving your vision. The educated and experienced staff at ABC Vision Source in Sherwood, OR, specializes in managing and treating ocular diseases. Call us at Sherwood (503) 625-5599, Hillsboro (503) 649-7566, or Portland (503) 473-8039 to schedule an appointment for a complete eye examination with our eye doctor, and let us help protect your vision.