Ocular Diseases and Their Treatment
An ocular disease refers to any eye disorder that affects the eye's ability to function properly. Oftentimes, these disorders have a negative impact on your vision and can lead to blindness. ABC Vision Source of Sherwood, OR, specializes in treating ocular diseases. We have the expertise to effectively manage these disorders, provide appropriate medications when needed, and arrange for surgery when necessary. Below are some common ocular diseases, how they affect your eyes, and how we can treat them.
1. What Is Glaucoma and How Is It Treated?
Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is the avenue of communication from the eye to the brain. Damage to it lessens its ability to carry this information which affects your vision and can lead to total blindness.
Glaucoma is often caused by poor eye drainage. Fluids created by the eye for its own nourishment are not allowed to drain. This poor drainage causes the pressure within the eye to increase. In many cases, medicated eye drops can be prescribed to lower inner eye pressure. In other cases, surgery may be necessary to improve the eye's drainage capabilities.
2. What Causes Macular Degeneration?
The retina is responsible for translating information from light entering the eye into neural signals that the brain can interpret into images. The macula is located in the retina and is responsible for your central vision. Any damage to it will cause blind spots to your central vision, make straight lines appear wavy, and can lead to total blindness. Two types of macular degeneration are known as wet and dry.
Dry macular degeneration can be caused by the thinning of the macula tissue. This is usually connected to age, genetics, smoking, obesity, or cardiovascular disease. There are no known treatments of dry macular degeneration at this time, but there are lifestyle adjustments you can take to slow its progression. We can educate you on these, monitor its progression, and help you find ways to adapt to your changing vision.
Wet macular degeneration is caused by fluid leaking under the retina, usually from the growth of new abnormal blood vessels. Treatments include the injection of medications into the eye to keep the body from growing new blood vessels. Other treatments involve the sealing of the leaky vessels.
3. Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment of Dry Eye Syndrome
Dry eye syndrome is caused by either poor tear production or the production of poor-quality tears. Aging, medical conditions, medications, and eye injuries can all affect tear production. Environment, not blinking, and eyelid problems can cause tears to evaporate before nourishing your eyes. Tears are made up of oil, mucus, and water. Any issues with the correct composition of these components can cause dry eye syndrome.
Symptoms of dry eye syndrome:
- Burning or scratchy sensation
- Constant feeling that something is in your eye
- Watery eyes due to eye irritation
- Sensitivity to light
Depending on the cause, treatment for dry eye syndrome consists of using eye drops, medications, or surgery. It also can include eye protection from the environment you work in or the stopping of use of certain medications. Your eye doctor can discuss your options with you once the cause is determined.
4. What Is Blepharitis?
Blepharitis is the inflammation of the eyelids normally caused by clogged oil glands near the base of the eyelashes. Blepharitis does not damage your eyesight, but can be uncomfortable. Your eyelids can become red, itchy, and have a greasy appearance. It can cause a loss of eyelashes or make them grow crooked.
Regular use of warm compresses may control your blepharitis. Medications to control infection and inflammation are also available. If there is an underlying illness causing your problem, then that illness will need to be addressed.
Expert Treatment of Ocular Diseases
Whatever may be affecting your eyes, quality and expert care is essential to their health and the preservation of your vision. The educated and experienced staff at ABC Vision Source in Sherwood, OR, specialize in the managing and treatment of ocular diseases. Call us today to set up an appointment for a complete eye examination with our eye doctor and let us help to protect your vision.